Day- 8

Language Focus:

The Present Continuous, the Present Perfect, the Present Perfect Continuous

The Present Continuous/Progressive

1. The present continuous is used to express an action in progress at the time of speaking/ the present moment.

Example: Read the dialogue aloud four times and practice saying it with a friend.

Mom: Breakfast is ready. Hurry up. What are you doing there Nick?

Son: I am watching TV, mom.

Mom: What is daddy doing?

Son: He is polishing my shoes, mom.

Mom: What is grandpa doing?

Son: He is inflating my bike tires.

Mom: What is your sister doing?

Son: She is doing my home work, mom.

Mom: Are you funny? Everybody is working for you and you are simply sitting watching TV.Are you not wasting your precious time? I am coming with a cane.

Son: Oh, no! It’s a little too much.

2. We use the present continuous to express what is happening over a temporary present period.

Example: Please read the dialogue aloud four times and practice saying it with a partner.

Grandson: Granny, what are you doing?

Grandma: Look over there. There’s a thirsty crow. I am watching him for fun.

Grandson: Grandma, the crow is looking for something. What is he looking for, granny?

Grandma: He is looking for water to quench his thirst. Hurray, boy! What are you doing?

Grandson: I am filling the birdbath with water.

Grandma: That’s really great. Look! The crow is flying straight down to the birdbath.

Grandson: Look over there granny! What is the crow doing?

Grandma: He is drinking the water. He is slaking his thirst.

Grandson: And now he is cawing. What is he cawing for, granny?

Grandma: He is calling his friends. And look! Many more crows are coming to our garden. They are drinking water to quench their thirst.

Grandson: Some of them are bathing and cooling themselves, too.

Grandma: How clever our crows are! They have always been a symbol of harmony.

3.The present continuous sometimes refers to habitual activities.

Example: Read the following sentences aloud four times.

4. The present continuous sometimes expresses what is going to happen in the future.

Example: Please read the dialogue aloud four times and practice saying it with a friend.

Nat: When are you taking your IELTS exam?

Sam: I am taking it next month.

Nat: When is your sister leaving for Canada?

Sam: On December 12.

Nat: Are your family members going with her?

Sam: No, they are leaving a month later, sometime in January 2019.

Nat: And when is your dad returning from Australia?

Sam: Well, he is coming sometime next year.

Nat: Is he coming with a visa for you?

Sam: Of course yes. And I am leaving here immediately after his return.

The Present Perfect

(Have/has + past participle of a verb)


I/We/You/They/ have visited Denmark.

She/He/ has visited Demark.

1.The present perfect is used to express completed activities of the present moment.


2.Present perfect is used to express an indefinite past action whose results can be felt in the present time.


3. Present Perfect can be used to talk about a state of being leading up to the present time.


4. We use the present perfect to talk about past actions which are not recent but which are felt as part of our experience.


5. Present Perfect is used to give news.


6. We often use the present perfect with time adverbials which refer to the recent past:


Just; only just; recently;

7. Present perfect is often used with adverbials which include the present: ever(in questions); so far, yet (in questions and negatives)


Ever = at any time

So far = until the present time, until now, up to now

Yet = used in negative sentences and questions to talk about something that has not happened but that you expect to happen

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