French-Online-2021

Our Day 41

Immersion – 41
Formes comparatif et le superlatif d’adjectifs
Comparitive and Superlative Form of Adjectives


      Learn some new worda.

       1. Importante = important

       2. difficile = difficult

       3. cathédrale = cathedral

       4. intéressant = interesting

       5. sepermarché = supermarket

       6. impermeable = raincoats

       7. manteaux = coats

       8. rapid = fast

       9. avion = plane

       10. banquier = banker

       11. riche = rich

       12. facteur = postman

       13. pauvre = poor

       14. avocat = lawyer

       15. curageux = brave, courageous

       16. russe = Russian

tall

     Making Comparitions of Adjectives

              • In English we make comparisions by adding “er” to the adjectives or by using               “more” or “less” before the adjectives.

              • In French for comparision of adjectives we use the following rule.

     Rule:

              1. “Plus”( plew) +adjective+”que”(kuh) = more ----------- than

              2. “moins” (mwaN) + adjective+ “que” = less -------------than

              3. “aussi” (oh-see)+ adjective + “que” = as -------- as

              4. “pas si” (pah-see) + adjectives + “que” =not so ----------- as

     Example:

              1.  Cet hôtel est plus grand = This hotel is larger.

              2.  Cette lettre est plus importante = This letter is more important.

              3.  Ce livre est moins difficile = This book is less difficult

              4.  La cathédrale est plus belle que l’église = The cathedral is more beautiful than the                    chruch

              5.  Le film est moins intéressant que le livre = The film is less intresting than the book.

              6.  La librairie est plus grande que la supermarché = The library is bigger than the                    super market.

              7.  Les imperméables sont aussi chers que les manteaux (ley-zan-pehrmey-ah-bluh                    sohN toh-see sher kuh ley mahN-toh) = The rain coats are as expensive as the coats.

              8.  La voiture est aussi rapide que le train = The car is as fast as the train.

              9.  Le train n’est pas si rapide que l’avion = The train is not as fast as the plane.

             10. Le banquier est plus riche que le professeur = The banker is richer than the                    teacher.

             11.  Le facteur est plus pauvre que l’avocat. = The post man is poorer than the lawyer.

             12.  Le pilote est ausssi courageux que l’austronaute = the piolet is as brave as the                    astronaut.

             13.  Le franÇais n’est pas si difficile que le russe. = French is not so difficult as the                    Russian.

pilot astro


train1 areoplane


church1 chruch2



     Superlative Forms of Adjectives

              • In English we form the superlative by adding “-est” to the adjective or using “the                  most” or “the least” before the adjective.

              • In French we use the following phrases
                 le plus (m)     = the most            le moins (m)    = the least
                 la plus (f)       = the most            la moins (f )    = the least
                 les plus (pl)    = the most l          les moins (pl)  = the least

              • After the superlative “de” is used for “in”

     Rule:

              1. le/la/les plus + adjective + de = the most …….. in

              2. le/la/les moins+ adjective + de = the least ……… in

plane

     Example:

              1.  Pierre est le plus petit de la classe = Pierre is the                    smallest in the class.

              2.  Anne est la plus grande de la famille = Anne is the tallest in the family

              3.  Paul et Nicole sont les plus intelligents du groupe. = Paul and Nicole are the most                    intelligent in the group.

group



              4.  Michel est le plus jeune pilote de la compagnie aériennne = Michel is the youngest                    pilot in the airline company.

              5.  C’est la moins jolie robe = It is the least pretty dress

              6.  C’est la robe la moins chère. = This is the least exprensive dress.


     Note: If the adjective is one that normally follows the noun, le/la/les are                placed both before and after the noun.

     Example:

              1. Le vin le plus cher = The dearest wine/ The most expensive wine.

              2. les livres les plus intéressants = The most interesting books.

              3. Elle achète la robe la moins chère de la boutique = She is buying the least expensive                   dress in the store.


     A few irregular comparisions and superlatives of adjectives


    Adjectives          Meaning          Comparisions          meaning          Superlatives          Meaning     
1. bon (m) good meilleur (m) better le meilleur (m) the best
  bonne (f) meilleure (f)
la meilleur (f) (meh-yuhr)

2. bien well mieux better le mieux the best
3. beau coup much plus more le plus the most
4. mauvais bad plus mauvais worse le plus pire the worst
5. peu little moins less le moins the least

hotel1 hotel2 hotel3

                   un bon restaurant                           un meilleur restaurant                       le meilleur restaurant

     Example:

              1. un bon restaurant = A good restaurant

              2. un meilleur restaurant = A better restaurant

              3. le meilleur restaurant = The best restaurant

              4. Je chante bien = I sing well

              5. vous chantez mieux = You sing better

              6. Il chante le mieux de tous = He sings the best of all.



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